Hanko 1941

Photo: Bertel Nordenstreng on patrol, probably in the waters of Hitis (Hiittinen). Photographer unknown. Photo by courtesy of Mr Kaarle Nordenstreng.

This page is about the scientific  conflict and battlefield archaeology project "Hanko 1941" (2018-2025) in Hanko S. Finland.


The project surveys, documents and excavates remains on both sides of the conflict on the Hanko front 22.6-2.12.1941. 

Behind the frontlines the civilian population faced the horrors of war through prisoner of war camps, in military hospitals and morgues for the fallen soldiers. These rapidly vanishing memories and structures are also documented by the project.


All photos marked "photo Hanko 1941 project" may not be copied or distributed without permission.

21 May 1942 SPUTNIK  Alamy Stock Photo.j

Private funding secures the conflict archaeology research of General Sergei Kabanovs underground command centre!

The scientific research of the Second World War command post of General Sergei Kabanov took a big leap forward in May 2021 when Mr Kari Karvinen, a former resident of the town of Hanko decided to donate 50 000 euros for the project.


With this donation we will be able to excavate and thoroughly document the entire area of this massive underground complex between 2021 and 2023.

It is the donators wish that after this research the important structure could serve as a tourist and educational attraction.

Battlefield Archaeology excavations!

Please follow our research on our FB page and tune in here for regular updates!

In September (22.9. - 26.9.2021) we will

continue the excavations of the burnt down underground shelter of Swedish volunteers lieutenant Åke Kretz, second lieutenant Sture Stigsson and their ordonnance private Dahl.


Visit us at the Hanko Front Museum or log in here for daily updates in the blog!

In October (1.10. – 5.10.2021) we will continue the trial excavations of General Sergei Kabanovs underground command centre in the center of Hanko near the Hanko Casino.

You can visit the excavations and check out our fieldwork daily between 10.00 and 15.00


The search for the fallen and missing on the Hanko Front

The scientific ethical work with locating massgraves from WW2  in the Hanko archipelago continues in 2021 and 2022.

The forensic work is made possible with the financial support from a local artist who donates all the incomes from her art sales to the humanitarian work of identifying the unknown war dead and giving the fallen a proper grave.


Click on the links below to look closer at our work "finding the fallen" and locating war graves on the Hanko Front.


"Sodan Jäljet Lähelläsi" (The Traces of War Near You)

WW2 Conflict archaeology is an important educational tool in order to get a better understanding of the catastrophic and devastating effects of war for the individual and the community as a whole.


With a grant from the Finnish Cultural Foundation (Uudenmaan maakuntarahasto) we are happy to share our knowledge and work with schools and schoolchildren to increase the knowledge of the traces of war in the immediate surroundings of schools in the Uusimaa region during 2021-2022.

Contact us via at jfarchaeology@gmail.com for more information about our educational packages.

Bild 2.jpg

Visit Hanko Front Museum

New temporary exhibitions about the archaeology of the underground war and the fierce battles of the Hanko front!

Video of the war 1941-1944

A short video about the Finnish so called continuation war 1941-1944. 

Academic theses

The authors are responsible for the contents in their respective works and the texts  do not represent the views or general research results of the "Hanko 1941" project. 


Feel free to contact the authors directly if you have ay questions or disagree with issues that are presented in the papers. Your input is valuable for the students and helps them to advance on their scientific journey.

Bild 14.JPG

"Tvärminnen vuoden 1941 venäläiset sotavainajat 

Arkeologin etiikka hautakaivauksilla"

BA thesis about ethics and the conflict archaeology of war graves.

Elisa Melasniemi 

Turku Open University 20.4.2020 (in Finnish)


"Taistelukentältä konservointistudioon

Hangon hautalöytöjen tutkimus ja konservointi" 

Thesis about the conservation of items found on the bodies of  the repatriated Soviet soldiers in Tvärminne.

Jarno Huusko.

Metropolia University of Applied Sciences 12.5.2020 (in Finnish)

"Bakom främsta linjen - Militärläger i Hangö från II:a världskriget som konfliktarkeologiska objekt"

BA thesis about the materiality of a DRK dumpsite inside the German WW2 transition camp on Cape Tulliniemi, Hanko S. Finland.

BA Fanny Fagerholm

Umeå Universitet 24.9.2019 (in Swedish)